Famous Stones – Il Post

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Historic Environment Scotland (HES) has confirmed that on the occasion of the coronation of King Charles III, the successor to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, the so-called “cookie stoneThis stone is a local symbol, and was used for centuries during the coronation of the kings of Scotland, before the Scottish crown united with the English crown: it has been in Edinburgh for more than 25 years, but will be set again on the throne in which Charles III will soon be crowned, He is the same person that Elizabeth II was crowned in 1953.

Also known as the Coronation Stone or the Stone of Destiny, this large stone is just one of many rocks at the center of stories and customs related to folk legends, religious beliefs, and important historical events.

Stone of Scone, United Kingdom
The coronation stone Its length is about 66 cm, width 42, and thickness 27; It is made of sandstone and weighs about 150 kilograms. It has a shape that vaguely resembles a shape PillowAs an ancient Celtic legend suggests, it is decorated only with a Latin cross roughly engraved on one side. It is also equipped with two iron grommets that make it easier to carry.

It takes its name from the abbey of the town of Scone, where it was originally located, about forty kilometers north of the capital, Edinburgh, near Perth. According to tradition, it was brought by Kenneth MacAlpine, who lived between 810 and 858, was the King of the Picts and is considered the first king of Scotland. With the English conquest of Scotland in 1296, Edward I of England acquired the stone and placed it on the throne which was used for all subsequent coronations of the kings of Great Britain and the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey. , London.

In 1603, after the death of Elizabeth I without an heir, the throne passed to King James VI of Scotland, who became James I, King of EnglandThe Scots saw the fact that James I was crowned on the British throne with the Scone Stone as a symbol of the return of the crown to control a region it had always belonged to.

The coronation of Edward VIII with the Stone of Destiny photographed in 1936 (AP Photo)

The stone was only returned to Scotland in November 1996, 700 years after its capture by the British and four centuries after the merger of the two crowns. On Christmas Day 1950, it was stolen from Westminster Abbey by four nationalists who wanted it back to Scotland: it was found in April of the following year on the altar of Arbroth Abbey, about fifty kilometers east of Perth. to London. Currently the stone is kept in Edinburgh Castle. In November 2020, Scottish Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon announced his intention to bring her back to Perth.

It is not yet known when the official coronation ceremony of Charles III, who became king immediately after the death of Elizabeth II, which took place on September 8, was announce With a formal ceremony in two days. However, it is expected to culminate in 2023, both to pass the period of mourning for the death of the longest-lived sovereign in UK history, and because the celebration – which is expected to be solemn and grand. – Can be organized in detail. However, the stone had to be “lent” only and then returned to Scotland after the coronation of Charles III.

– Read also: There is more and more evidence that Stonehenge was elsewhere before

Blarney Stone, Ireland
This limestone slab is part of a tower Blarney CastleIt dates back to the mid-15th century and is located outside the city of Cork in southwest Ireland. According to legend, anyone who accepts the dish will receive the “gift of the gab,” the gift of eloquence. The problem is that doing this is a bit complicated, because in order to kiss her you have to lie on your stomach, bend your head back and hold on to two metal rods (preferably with the help of someone) to avoid falling from a height of 29 metres. where it is placed.

The people who have reportedly accepted the stone in their lives are former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Rolling Stones singer Mick Jagger and actor Eddie Redmayne, who won the 2015 Academy Award for the film. theory of everything.

Plymouth Rock, United States
One of the other well-known stones is Plymouth Rock (Plymouth Rock), the stone that marks the point on the coast of present-day Massachusetts where the Mayflower ship landed in 1620, where the early Pilgrims founded their first colony in North America. Prior to 1741, there were no documents explicitly referring to the rock as the arrival point of the Pilgrim Fathers, but it remains to this day one of the most important symbols of the state and one of the most famous in the United States.

According to some estimates, this rock must have originally weighed more than 9 tons: in 1774, while trying to move it, it split into various fragments, which were stolen, sold or bought. What remains of it today can be seen in an open-air monument built in the city: the date of 1620 is clearly visible on the large stone, but it was inscribed at the end of the 19th century. Another piece of stone preserved on a pedestal in Plymouth Church, in the borough of Brooklyn, New York.

Rosetta Stone, Egypt
It is perhaps the most famous stone tablet in history: it contains inscriptions relating to a decree issued in Memphis in 196 BC in three languages ​​- hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek – and was essential for archaeologists to be able to translate Egyptian hieroglyphs and thus shed light on one of the most mysterious and long-lived ancient civilizations in the world. the scientist.

The stele was discovered by the French archaeologist Pierre Francois Bouchard in 1799 in the Egyptian city of Rashid, but was captured by the British after the surrender of Alexandria, which in 1801 ended the French campaign on Egypt. It was also part of a larger stele: today the Rosetta Stone at its highest point is 110 cm high, more than 75 cm wide and 28 cm thick. It weighs about 760 kg and can be seen in the British Museum in London. It has been kept since 1802.

Rosetta Stone in the British Museum (EPA/Neal Hall, ANSA)

Hunger stones, Germany and the Czech Republic
It was rocks engraved on the waterline Rivers with short graffiti denoting the water level during previous droughts, as a warning to future generations.

Many are found this summer especially in Germany, In the Reno and Elbe rivers, indicating how the current drought has in some cases reached and exceeded what it was hundreds of years ago. The Elbe River also flows for kilometers in the Czech Republic, where a hunger stone was found near the city of Dessen with an inscription, probably from the 15th century, that says: “If you see me, cry.”

– Read also: Things are re-emerging from the water due to drought in Europe

The Black Stone, Saudi Arabia
The Black Stone (“Black Stone”) is an ancient relic preserved in KaabaIt is a cube-shaped mausoleum located inside the Great Mosque of Mecca and is the holiest building in Islam. Every year, about two and a half million believers visit the Kaaba on the occasion of Eid PilgrimageThe traditional pilgrimage to Mecca.

The stone is often described as a mass of lava, basalt, or a meteorite. According to Islamic tradition, it would have fallen from the sky To signal Adam and Eve had a place to build an altar, which would be the first temple on earth. According to another interpretation, it was originally white, but over time it turned black because of all the sins that were absorbed by the believers who touched or kissed them during the Hajj. In antiquity this stone was also much larger: today many pieces assembled and preserved in a silver frame remain, which can be seen in the eastern corner outside the Kaaba.

A soldier watches the Black Stone in July 2021 (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)